The Face Up education programme ultimately aims to reduce dating violence. It reaches this aim by challenging and improving the norm of what is acceptable behaviour, increasing the likelihood of victims asking for help and increasing the likelihood of bystanders intervening in positive, helpful ways. The theoretical mechanisms that underpin the programme are described in the attached diagram and detailed narrative.
Improving the norm of what is acceptable behaviour helps to reduce inappropriate language, behaviour & exploitation by making such behaviour less acceptable within the peer group and taking away the support for any who persist in this behaviour. Increasing the likelihood of positive interventions by bystanders further supports this cultural change by creating an environment where it is expected that inappropriate behaviour will be actively be challenged.
In order to bring about these changes it is important that all participants complete the full programme and are given the opportunity to practice the skills that are developed. Completing the full programme will increase knowledge (particularly of what is inappropriate behaviour and the language need to describe such behaviours), improve communication skills (particularly refusal skills, negotiations skills and skills to ask for help) and increase confidence in both expressing their own feelings and in challenging the behaviour of others.